Saturday, August 9, 2014

Umm Habibah bint Abu Sufyan (died 44 AH / 664 AD)

In the course of his life , Umm Habibah much suffering and ordeal. After embracing Islam, she and her husband moved to Habasyah. There, it turns out her husband's apostasy from Islam and converted to Christianity. Her husband's alcoholism, and died not in Islam. In his silence, Umm Habibah always filled with sadness and indecision because he could not get together with her ​​own family and her husband's family in Mecca because they already keep him away. Does she have to stay and live in a foreign country until his death?
God will not allow His servants in constant grief. When he heard the suffering of Umm Habibah, the heart of the Prophet was moved so that he rnenikahinya and Umm Habibah no longer be in a prolonged sadness. This is in accordance with the word of God that: The Prophet was more important than other people of faith, and his wives are the mothers of the believers.
Umm Habibah privilege among the other wives of the Prophet is its position as the daughter of a leader of the polytheists of Mecca who pioneered perientangan the propagation of the Prophet and the Muslims, Abu Sufyan.
A. Childhood and nasab Growth
Umm Habibah was born thirteen years before Muhammad's prophethood Shalalahu 'Alaihi Wassalam. with the name of Ramlah bint Harb bin Uinayyah Shakhar bin Abdi Shams bin. His father, known as Abu Sufyan. His mother named Safia bint Abil Ashi bin Umayya bin Abdi Shams, which is a companion of the Prophet's aunt, namely Uthman ibn Affan ra. Since childhood, Umm Habibah known to have a strong personality, fluency in speaking, very smart, and very pretty.
B. Wedding, Hijrah, and the agony
When old enough to get married Ramlah, Ubaidullah bin Jahsh mempersunting- her, and Abu Sufyan was marrying them. Ubaidullah known as young as Ibrahirn steadfast in religion. He tried to stay away from liquor and gambling, and promised to fight the pagan religion. Ramlah realized that she had been married to someone who is not a pagan, does not like his people are making and worshiping statues. In dalarn her desire to follow her husband occurred religion of Ibrahim
Meanwhile, in Mecca began to spread the news that Muhammad came to bring a new religion, the religion of the different celestial with the Quraysh religion in general. Hearing the news, Ubaidullah heart stirred, then declared himself the new religion. He also invited his wife, Ramlah, to embrace Islam with him.
Muhammad heard the mission successfully and thrive, the people of Quraysh declared war against the Muslims that the Prophet ordered the Muslims to emigrate to Habasyah. Among them was Ramlah and her husband, Ubaidullah bin Jahsh. After some time they suffering in the form of persecution, exile, expulsion and even families who continue to insist that they return to the ancestral religion. When it Ramlah was carrying her baby first. Arriving at Habasyah, Ramlah baby is born which later was named Habibah. From the baby's name is then changed into the name of Umm Habibah Ramlah.
As long as they are in Habasyah heard the news that the Muslims in Mecca and the number is growing stronger so they set out to return to their home country. Meanwhile, Umm Habibah, and her husband chose to settle in Habasyah. Along the way, the group of Muslims who will return to Mecca heard the news that the state of emergency is still in Mecca and the polytheists further increased pressure and boycotts against the Muslims.Finally they decided to return to Habasyah.
A few years living in Habasyah, Muslims are expecting grief will be fleeting and ranks of the Muslims become strong, but sadness is not depleted.Conditions that cause Ubaidullah have confidence that the Muslims will never be strong. She seems to have lost that little by little her heart began to gravitate toward the Christian religion, the religion of the Habasyah.
Umm Habibah said that he dreamed of something, "I saw my husband turned into the ugliest human shape. I was surprised and said, 'By Allah, the situation has changed.' The next morning Ubaidullah said, 'O Umm Habibah, I see no better religion than Christianity, and I have declared myself to hug her. Once I embraced the religion of Muhammad, I would embrace Christianity. ' I said, 'Do you really that good for you?' Then I told him about a dream that I saw, but he did not care. Finally he constantly drinking so that took his life. "
Thus, Islam Ubaidullah out and he had to move to Habasyah bet, with endure, leaves home with his wife and small children. Ubaidullah was trying to persuade his wife to get out of Islam, but his effort was in vain as Umm Habibah be established in Islam and hang on until her husband died. Umm Habibah feel alienated in the midst of the Muslims because they feel ashamed of her husband kernurtadan. For him there is no other choice but to return to Mecca, while his parents, Abu Sufyan, was aggressively attacked the Prophet and Muslim kaurn. In such circumstances, Umm Habibah felt her home was no longer safe for him, while families have meeninggalkan suarninya their home because it has been joined with the Prophet. Finally, he returned to Habasyah with dependents suffer prolonged and await his fate from God.
Ummul-Mu'mineen C. Being
Shalalahu Rasulullah 'Alaihi Wassalam. always monitor the state of the Muslims, not just who was in Mecca and Medina, but also that in Habasyah.When monitoring Habasyahlah he heard the story of Umm Habibah Ubaidullah left with the pain endured over the years. Terketuk his heart and intends to marry her.
Umm Habibah told the dream and life is bleak. He said, "In my sleep I saw someone meet me and call me Ummul-Mu'mineen. I was shocked. Then I mentakwilkan that the Prophet would marry me. "He continued," It's me look after my Iddah exhausted. Without me knowing Najasyi a messenger came to me and asked for permission, he was Abraha, a female slave in charge of washing and gives fragrant king-Haruman on clothing. He said, 'the King said to you,' Messenger of Allah sent me a letter that I marry you to him. "I replied, 'Allah gives you glad tidings to bring good.' He said again, 'King told you to appoint a guardian to be rnengawinkanmu'. I appoint Khalid ibn Said ibn Ash as my guardian, then I gave Abraha two silver bracelets, anklets is in my feet, and a silver ring on top of my toes because of news that brings joy. "Umm Habibah back and Habasyah-associated Syarahbil bin Hasanah with bringing gifts of Najasyi, King Habasyah.
Umm Habibah wedding news with a blow to the Messenger of Abu Sufyan.About it, Ibn Abbas narrated the words of God, "I hope God raises compassion among you with people who you compete against them. ... "(Surat. Al-Mumtahanah: 7) . This verse was revealed when the Prophet Shalalahu 'Alaihi Wassalam. married Umm Habibah bint Abi Sufyan.
D. Living with Messenger Shalalahu 'Alaihi Wassalam.
Rasululullah Shalalahu 'Alaihi Wassalam. sent Amr bin Umayya to Habasyah with two tasks, ie update the immigrants to return to their country (Medina) because of the already strong position of the Muslims as well as to propose to the Prophet Umm Habibah. On the way back to Madinah kernenangan they heard news of the Muslims over the Jews of Khaibar. Excitement that they feel in Madinah was because their brother had returned and Habasyah.Prophet welcomed them back with joy, especially with the arrival of Umm Habibah. He asked Umm Habibah dalarn to home, which is when it bersarnaan also by his marriage with Safia bint Huyay Akhtab son, the daughter of one of the leaders of the captive soldiers of Khaibar Jews of Islam. When the Prophet mernbebaskan and marry her. Other wives of Prophet Umm Habibah welcomed warmly and respect, in contrast with their reception to Safia.
Umm Habibah journey of life in the family of the Prophet was not much conflict between his wife or invite anger. In addition, there is also a history of behavior that tells Umm Habibah that show jealousy.
E. Difficult Position
We mentioned above about Umm Habibah privileged position among the wives of the Prophet. His father was a leader of the polytheists when Umm Habibah gets light of faith, and he faced difficulties when they have to explain it to his parents beliefs.
The Quraysh reneged on the agreement that they had signed the sign-in Hudaybiyah with the Prophet. They attacked and massacred Bani Qazaah that have bound protection agreement with the Muslims. To anticipate this, the Prophet took the initiative stormed Mecca in which the family lived and Abu Sufyan Umm Habibah. The Quraysh of Mecca had thought that the Muslims would attack them in retaliation for the slaughter of Bani Qazaah they do. They already know the troop strength of the Muslims so that they choose the path of peace. Diutuslah known as Abu Sufyan and intelligence capabilities in diplomacy for peace with the Prophet.
Arriving in Medina, Abu Sufyan was not directly to the Messenger, but the first rnenemui rnemperalat Umm Habibah daughter and tried it on his behalf. How shocked Umm Habibah when her father was nearby wrapped after so many years of not met since he moved to Habasyah. This is where looks strong faith and love of the Prophet Umm Habibah. Abu Sufyan realized astonishment and confusion of his daughter, so he does not speak.Finally, Abu Sufyan came into the room and sat on the mat. Seeing it, Umm Habibah immediately folded mat (bed) so it is not occupied by Abu Sufyan.Abu Sufyan was very disappointed to see the attitude of his daughter, then said, "Do you fold the mat so that I do not sit on it or rnenyingkirkannya me?" Umm Habibah said, "This mat is a mat to sit Prophet, while you are unclean idolaters. I do not like you sit on it. "After that Abu Sufyan felt a heavy blow home with unexpected from her daughter. He felt that his efforts to thwart the attack kaurn Muslims to Mecca have failed. Umm Habibah was aware of what was going to happen. He sure will come when the Muslims invaded Mecca in dalarnnya are family, but that he remembered only the Prophet. He prayed for the Muslims to rnemperoleh victory.
God allowed the Muslims to Mecca mernbebaskan. Prophet of Islam along with thousands of soldiers entering Mecca. Abu Sufyan felt himself already beleaguered tens of thousands of soldiers. He felt that the time has come for the Muslims reply to this stance during persecute and oppress them.Prophet so sorry and ask him to embrace Islam. Abu Sufyan menerrna the invitation and expressed his Islamic faith with humility. Abbas, the Prophet's uncle, Abu Sufyan asked him respect that he felt flattered by his greatness. Abbas said, "Verily, Abu Sufyan was a very liked exalted." Here behold, intelligence and policy Prophet. He replied, "Whoever enters the house of Abu Sufyan, he will be saved. He who closes his door, he was going to survive. And those who enter the Haram, he will be saved. "That one's greatness in honor of the Prophet, and Allah has given out a good way to eliminate grief Islamic Umm Habibah with his father.
F. End of a Journey
After the Prophet Shalalahu 'Alaihi Wassalam. died, Umm Habibah live alone in her home only to worship and draw closer to Allaah. In the event a great fitnah for the death of Uthman ibn Affan, he does not favor anyone. Even when his brother, Mu'awiya bin Abu Sufyan, came to power, the least he is not trying to take the opportunity to occupy a certain position. He also never insinuated Ali through a word while feuding with his brother. He also narrated many hadith of the Prophet which is then transmitted back by the companions. Among diriwayatkannya hadith is: "I heard the Messenger of Allah said,
"Whoever prayed twelve rak'ahs day and night, Allah will build for him a house in paradise. ' Umm Habibah said, "Truly I tidakpernah leave setelab Shalalahu I heard from the Messenger of Allah 'Alaihi Wassalam." (HR. Muslims)
Umm Habibah died in the 44th moved dalarn age of seventy years. His body was buried in Baqi 'wives with other Messenger. May God give him honor at his side and put in a decent place full of blessings. Amen.